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The skin is considered the largest organ of the body. It serves as a barrier to the external environment of an animal. From a book chapter by Ralf S. Mueller (2008) in the book Small Animal Clinical Pharmacology, he listed the numerous functions of the skin summarized in the table below.1
Semen extenders have been widely used since artificial insemination are practiced all over the world. Having that said range of semen extenders are coming out of the market giving out a specific advantage over the other. A lot of technician and practitioners are asking on what kind or how long they should have been using for their operation.
Albendazole belongs to the family of nematocidal agents we call benzimidazoles. Benzimidazoles are said to be effective against roundworms, whipworms, and hookworms in most species and have some activity against tapeworms. Albendazole is also effective against common protozoans.1
Boar semen is one of the most sensitive spermatozoa. This is because the cell wall of spermatozoa is not as rigid as compared to other species. Thus, handling and management of boar semen are crucial in artificial insemination. Nowadays, the presence of artificial insemination center is being utilized for efficient breeding when it comes to cost and convenience.
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) is currently the viral disease in swine industry with the greatest economic impact. The virus is endemic in all major swine producing areas worldwide. PRRSV-free countries have comparatively small swine industry with less live animal and by-product trades.